Robert @Basford CPEng

🌑About
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🔴2020-present OTSO
2013-2020 Germany
1997-2013 Finland
1990-1997 ADF.Navy
1978-1990 ADF.Army




Royal Military College of Australia

Research 2022

Defence Force Service Medal Australian Defence Medal

Topic: Green Hydrogen Economy

Purpose: The purpose of this evolving portal is to share my current literature research and developments into the Green Hydrogen Economy.



2H2 + O2 -> 2H2O + Energy
"In combination with an oxidizer such as liquid oxygen, liquid hydrogen yields the highest specific impulse, or efficiency in relation to the amount of propellant consumed, of any known rocket propellant." NASA Rocket Science:
Hydrogen market significant companies:
01. Panasonic Corporation (Japan) - panasonic.com
02. FuelCell Energy, Inc. (U.S.) - fuelcellenergy.com
03. Plug Power Inc. (U.S.) - plugpower.com
04. Intelligent Energy Holdings plc (UK) - intelligent-energy.com
05. Hyster-Yale Group (U.S.) / Nuvera Fuel Cells - nuvera.com
06. Ballard Power Systems. (Canada) - ballard.com
07. Doosan Fuel Cell (U.S.) - doosanfuelcellamerica.com
08. Nedstack fuel cell technology BV. (Netherlands) - nedstack.com
09. Cummins Incorporated / Hydrogenics Corporation (Canada) - cummins.com
10. Pearl Hydrogen (China) - fuelcellchina.com
11. Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies (Singapore) - horizonfuelcell.com
12. JOUAV Hydrogen Cell UAS (China) - jouav.com
"NASDAQ: The $11 Trillion Hydrogen Revolution Is Coming in 2022" https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/the-%2411-trillion-hydrogen-revolution-is-coming-in-2022.-are-you-ready:
"Sojitz Corporation will begin a demonstration project together with CS Energy and Nippon Engineering Consultants to transport renewable hydrogen produced in Australia to the Republic of Palau for utilization in fuel cells and hydrogen fuel cell vessels." https://www.sojitz.com/en/news/2022/01/20220112.php
2H2 + O2 -> 2H2O + Energy
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 46, Issue 70, 11 October 2021, Pages 34867-34873 Effect of the CeO2 nanoparticles in microporous layers on the durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Advanced Polyimide Materials, 2018 Proton Exchange Membrane
2H2 + O2 -> 2H2O + Energy
DJ25 1. Doosan Mobility and JOUAV won an 2022 CES 2022 Innovation Award with the DJ25. “DJ25 is the world’s first hydrogen fuel cell VTOL (Vertical Take Off and Landing) commercial drone solution.
South Korean Doosan Mobility have established expertise in hydrogen fuel cell drones: China’s JOUAV has partnered with companies around the world to bring their suite of robust VTOL air frames to the skies. The DJ25 is the integration between the advanced PEMFC (Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell) technology to a VTOL air frame.
The DJ25 has a flight time of up to 5 and half hours and able to cover up to 500 km in a single flight, the DJ25 offers an ideal solution for long distance inspections, large scale site surveying, and mapping."
Honeywell Light UAV 2. "Honeywell is developing a new technology suite for light drones, including hydrogen fuel cells, that enables them to fly three times longer and with less human intervention." https://aerospace.honeywell.com/us/en/learn/products/honeywell-hydrogen-fuel-cell
ABB Marine ABB’s fuel cell solution is a modular power supply system developed for marine use. The system is based on the hydrogen proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. The fuel cell technology is applicable to high and low voltage, as well as AC and DC power systems, and can be used in combination with batteries or engines. The system can be fully hydrogen-electric or integrated as part of a hybrid power system. With the use of renewables to produce the hydrogen, the entire energy chain can be clean.

ABB's Hydrogen Fuel Cell Solutions for Ships
https://new.abb.com/marine/systems-and-solutions/electric-solutions/fuel-cell
2H2 + O2 -> 2H2O + Energy
"Fresh water is provided to the plant through seawater desalination at the seaside and subsequent pipeline transport to the plant location. The water is then split into hydrogen and oxygen via a two-step solar thermochemical redox cycle at temperatures of 1000–1900 K driven by concentrated solar radiation." Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production in the USA - MDPI